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Works of licensees

Provision as to opening up of streets, railways etc.
  1. A licensee may, from time to time but subject always to the terms and conditions of his licence, within his area of supply or transmission or when permitted by the terms of his licence to lay down or place electric supply lines without the area of supply, without that area carry out works such as -
    1. to open and break up the soil and pavement of any street, railway or tramway;
    2. to open and break up any sewer, drain or tunnel in or under any street, railway or tramway;
    3. to alter the position of any line or works or pipes, other than a main sewer pipe;
    4. to lay down and place electric lines, electrical plant and other works;
    5. to repair, alter or remove the same;
    6. to do all other acts necessary for transmission or supply of electricity.
  2. The Appropriate Government may, by rules made by it in this behalf, specify, -
    1. the cases and circumstances in which the consent in writing of the Appropriate Government, local authority, owner or occupier, as the case may be, shall be required for carrying out works;
    2. the authority which may grant permission in the circumstances where the owner or occupier objects to the carrying out of works;
    3. the nature and period of notice to be given by the licensee before carrying out works;
    4. the procedure and manner of consideration of objections and suggestion received in accordance with the notice referred to in clause (c);
    5. the determination and payment of compensation or rent to the persons affected by works under this section;
    6. the repairs and works to be carried out when emergency exists;
    7. the right of the owner or occupier to carry out certain works under this section and the payment of expenses therefor;
    8. the procedure for carrying out other works near sewers, pipes or other electric lines or works;
    9. the procedure for alteration of the position of pipes, electric lines, electrical plant, telegraph lines, sewer lines, tunnels, drains, etc.;
    10. the procedure for fencing, guarding, lighting and other safety measures relating to works on streets, railways, tramways, sewers, drains or tunnels and immediate reinstatement thereof;
    11. the avoidance of public nuisance, environmental damage and unnecessary damage to the public and private property by such works;
    12. the procedure for undertaking works which are not reparable by the Appropriate Government, licensee or local authority;
    13. the manner of deposit of amount required for restoration of any railways, tramways, waterways, etc.;
    14. the manner of restoration of property affected by such works and maintenance thereof;
    15. the procedure for deposit of compensation payable by the licensee and furnishing of security; and
    16. such other matters as are incidental or consequential to the construction and maintenance of works under this section.
  3. A licensee shall, in exercise of any of the powers conferred by or under this section and the rules made thereunder, cause as little damage, detriment and inconvenience as may be, and shall make full compensation for any damage, detriment or inconvenience caused by him or by any one employed by him.
  4. Where any difference or dispute [including amount of compensation under sub-section (3)] arises under this section, the matter shall be determined by the Appropriate Commission.
  5. The Appropriate Commission, while determining any difference or dispute arising under this section in addition to any compensation under sub-section (3), may impose a penalty not exceeding the amount of compensation payable under that sub-section.

    Provisions relating to overhead lines

    Overhead lines.
  1. An overhead line shall, with prior approval of the Appropriate Government, be installed or kept installed above ground in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (2).
  2. The provisions contained in sub-section (1) shall not apply-
    1. in relation to an electric line which has a nominal voltage not exceeding 11 kilovolts and is used or intended to be used for supplying to a single consumer;
    2. in relation to so much of an electric line as is or will be within premises in the occupation or control of the person responsible for its installation; or
    3. in such other cases as may be prescribed.
  3. The Appropriate Government shall, while granting approval under sub-section (1), impose such conditions (including conditions as to the ownership and operation of the line) as appear to it to be necessary
  4. The Appropriate Government may vary or revoke the approval at any time after the end of such period as may be stipulated in the approval granted by it.
  5. Where any tree standing or lying near an overhead line or where any structure or other object which has been placed or has fallen near an overhead line subsequent to the placing of such line, interrupts or interferes with, or is likely to interrupt or interfere with, the conveyance or transmission of electricity or the 36 to interrupt or interfere with, the conveyance or transmission of electricity or the accessibility of any works, an Executive Magistrate or authority specified by the Appropriate Government may, on the application of the licensee, cause the tree, structure or object to be removed or otherwise dealt with as he or it thinks fit.
  6. When disposing of an application under sub-section (5), an Executive Magistrate or authority specified under that sub-section shall, in the case of any tree in existence before the placing of the overhead line, award to the person interested in the tree such compensation as he thinks reasonable, and such person may recover the same from the licensee.

    Explanation. - For purposes of this section, the expression “ tree” shall be deemed to include any shrub, hedge, jungle growth or other plant.

Notice to telegraph authority.


  1. (1) A licensee shall, before laying down or placing, within ten meters of any telegraph line, electric line, electrical plant or other works, not being either service lines, or electric lines or electrical plant, for the repair, renewal or amendment of existing works of which the character or position is not to be altered,-
    1. submit a proposal in case of a new installation to an authority to be designated by the Central Government and such authority shall take a decision on the proposal within thirty days;
    2. give not less than ten days' notice in writing to the telegraph authority in case of repair, renewal or amendment or existing works , specifying-
      1. the course of the works or alterations proposed ;
      2. the manner in which the works are to be utilised ;
      3. the amount and nature of the electricity to be transmitted;
      4. the extent to, and the manner in which (if at all), earth returns are to be used ,

      and the licensee shall conform to such reasonable requirements, either general or special, as may be laid down by the telegraph authority within that period for preventing any telegraph line from being injuriously affected by such works or alterations: Provided that in case of emergency (which shall be stated by the licensee in writing to the telegraph authority) arising from defects in any of the electric lines or electrical plant or other works of the licensee, the licensee shall be required to give only such notice as may be possible after the necessity for the proposed new works or alterations has arisen.

  2. Where the works of the laying or placing of any service line is to be executed the licensee shall, not less than forty-eight hours before commencing the work, serve upon the telegraph authority a notice in writing of his intention to execute such works.